Existing OSHA emergency evacuation guidelines and fire safety rules call for all facilities to meet a number of Emergency Preparedness/Crisis Management requirements. Fire Prevention and Emergency Evacuation Plan are designed to assist companies in training their employees and help them prepare for potential emergencies. Fire prevention requires a team effort and individual responsibility to make the work environment safe.
There are many types of potential fire hazards in a working area and it is everyone’s responsibility to monitor their area. Potential fire hazards should be specified and all employees should know how to handle the potential fire hazard. The following are examples of potential fire hazards; first, employees that smoke should have a designated smoking area, where it is clear from flammable objects. When the employee is done smoking, the employee should discard the leftover cigarette in a designated trashcan. Another potential fire hazard example is the use of octopus plugs. Octopus plugs can start an electrical fire when the plug is designated to be used for two electrical outlets only. The final example is the storing of oily rags. Storing oily rags in a cardboard or any other container can over-heat, and create combustion and a fire. The proper way to store oily rags is to store them in metal containers with a metal lid.
The main cause for injuries during an emergency occurs when people panic. An Emergency Evacuation Plan can assist employees to get out of the building/warehouse safely. The Emergency Evacuation Plan should include as-signing evacuation wardens. The evacuation warden should assist employees during an emergency and making sure all employees evacuate the building/warehouse safely. Practicing the Emergency Evacuation Plan will allow employees to know where to exit safely and meet at the scheduled assembly area outside the building/warehouse. Once out of the building/warehouse, a roll call should be conducted by a designated manager. This will allow management to know that all employees made it out of the building/warehouse. The Emergency Evacuation Plan should be conducted periodically.
Potential fire hazards should be specified and proper written procedures should be implemented. The Emergency Evacuation Plan will assist and prepare every employee on how to act during an emergency. It requires a team effort to make and keep a work environment safe.